By Werner X. Schneider, Adrian M. Owen, John Duncan
While the significance of the prefrontal cortex for 'higher-order'cognitive capabilities is basically undisputed, no consensus has been reached concerning the specified fractionation of those features. for instance, even if some extent of nearby specialization in the frontal lobe turns out inevitable, thus far, such a lot makes an attempt to map particular cognitive capabilities onto neuroanatomical and/or cytoarchitectonic sub-divisions were disappointing. The chapters during this quantity are according to the workshop on "Executive keep watch over and the Frontal Lobe: present Issues"at the Hanse Institute for complex examine in Delmenhorst, Germany and, for this reason, many of the methodological techniques and theoretical positions in the box are good represented. for this reason, numerous of the authors have focussed on behavioural and/or imaging info got from sufferers with discrete frontal-lobe lesions, whereas others have defined the result of lesion stories within the monkey which try and make clear either the anatomical and useful company of the prefrontal cortex. numerous complimentary chapters have thought of sensible stories of frontal-lobe features in fit keep an eye on volunteers, both via meta-analysis or by means of focussing on particular features of operating reminiscence, motor making plans and programming or associative studying. eventually a number of chapters hide extra international methodological techniques to the research of frontal-lobe services, highlighting its position in arbitrary visuomotor mapping and cross-temporal motion keep an eye on, whereas in a single bankruptcy the intractions among the neuromodulatory government structures of the reticular center and the frontal lobe are defined. The Delmenhorst assembly was once notable, not just for the sheer breadth of labor mentioned, but additionally for the generally differing techniques and evaluations of a few of these featuring it. This quantity captures a lot of that very same flavour and should give you the reader with up to date info from the various top figures in frontal lobe research.
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Extra resources for Executive Control and the Frontal Lobe: Current Issues
Selective lesions and behavior The delayed-response (DR) tasks have been a primary instrument for assessing WM capacity in the nonhuman primate. Their main feature is that they require monkeys to maintain a mental representation during a delay period and then use this representation to guide the choice of response at the end of the delay (Hunter 1913). , spatial DR, spatial or object delayed alternation, object/color delayed matching or nonmatching to sample, oculomotor DR). For this reason, they have long been used to study the possible areal specializations of the prefrontal cortex (for a review, see 25 Goldman-Rakic 1987).
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