By United Nations
This book specializes in an in-depth research of the problems, guidelines and mechanisms in widening entry to power prone in help of accomplishing sustainable improvement in rural parts of Asia and the Pacific. it's principally in keeping with fabrics and papers awarded on the 2004 UNESCAP specialist crew assembly on strength prone for Sustainable improvement in Rural parts. despite the fact that, it additionally touches on how bettering eco-efficiency could be a technique to tackle the growing to be strain on environmental sustainability caused by the areas quick monetary development.
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Additional info for Energy Services for Sustainable Development in Rural Areas in Asia and the Pacific: Policy and Practice
In the case of a traditional mud stove constructed in the home by the women themselves, decisions on where to get the raw material (free of cost) and where to place the stove are all made by women. Despite this, when energy has to be purchased, men enter the decision-making process. In South Africa, it was found that expenditure on batteries was largely so that young men could listen to taped music; in many cases, female members of the household had no access to the equipment and no control over battery purchases.
In most cases, experience from demonstration projects and pilot programmes have failed to resonate in national energy policies, legislation and regulatory frameworks. This has hindered mass-replication of successful interventions and innovation by non-government stakeholders. 1 A holistic approach The full economic and social benefits of energy services can be reaped only when other inputs, such as roads, communication, health and education facilities, markets, buildings, equipment and skilled personnel are available.
16 Energy Services for Sustainable Development in Rural Areas in Asia and the Pacific tion by exacerbating erosion, reducing soil fertility and contributing to desertification. Table 2-3. Linkage between the burden of disease and indoor air pollution in India and the State of Andhra pradesh16 Disease Acute respiratory infections Chronic respiratory diseases Lung and related cancers Cardiovascular disease Burden of disease (in hundreds of disability-adjusted life years (DALYs)) Rural Urban 1 1,363 217 45 1,411 444 40 1 75 19 I Rural households: distribution of burden of disease attributable to indoor air pollution Median 40 per cent 40 per cent 25 per cent 25 per cent Urban households: distribution of burden of disease attributable to indoor air pollution Median 15 per cent 15 per cent 5 per cent 5 per cent Energy should be provided in forms that match basic social needs and promote economic self-reliance.