By John Halperin

Inflammation of the mind, frequently because of a viral an infection, encephalitis at the moment poses a grave risk to sufferers world wide. With the migration of West Nile virus into North the USA, there's a higher information and corresponding have to comprehend, diagnose, and deal with this affliction. In Encephalitis: analysis and Treatment, specialists speak about advances in diagnostic instruments, in addition to healing ways that permit clinicians to higher realize and deal with patients.

Individual chapters handle the important infectious and non-infectious explanations of mind irritation, together with paraneoplastic encephalitides—an obvious autoimmune technique in sufferers with malignancies—as good as acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, a post-infectious illness. The booklet addresses etiology, epidemiology, and particular concerns in analysis, pathology, and therapy, together with quite a few laboratory methodologies, pathologic alterations visible within the assorted issues, and prognosis and administration of the seizures that take place rather usually in those issues.

With contributions from a gaggle of overseas specialists, the e-book offers a viewpoint in this disease that's either vast and in-depth.

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Extra info for Encephalitis: Diagnosis and Treatment

Example text

Handbook of Clinical Neurology. Infections of the Nervous System. 2nd ed. New York: North Holland Publishing, 1978; Vol. 34:63–82. Cunha BA. Encephalitis and its mimics. In: Cunha BA, ed. Infectious Diseases in Critical Care Medicine. 2nd ed. New York: Taylor & Francis, 2006. Cunha BA. The diagnosis and therapy of acute bacterial meningitis. In: Schlossberg D, ed. Central Nervous System Infections. Berlin, Germany: Springer-Verlag, 1990:3–24. Cunha BA. Diagnostic significance of nonspecific laboratory tests in infectious diseases.

INTRODUCTION When considering the relationships among encephalitis, encephalopathic states, and epilepsy, there is a twist: cause and effect. While virtually any condition that may produce an encephalopathic state may also produce recurrent seizures, it is also true that recurrent seizures—as well as the medications administered to treat them—may result in encephalopathy. The electroencephalogram (EEG) is often a very useful tool with regard to the diagnosis and management of encephalopathy. The EEG may provide information that will assist in determining not only the presence or absence of epileptiform activity, but also the therapeutic benefit and efficacy of certain antiseizure medications and other central nervous system suppressants.

Chronic localized encephalitis (Rasmussen’s) with focal cerebral seizures revisited. J Neuropathol Exp Neurol 1985; 44(351). Atkins M, Terrell W, Hulette C. Rasmussen’s syndrome: A study of potential viral etiology. Clin Neuropathol 1995; 14:7–12. Andrews J, Thompson J, Pysher T, Walker M, Hammond M. Chronic encephalitis, epilepsy, and cerebrovascular immune complex deposits. Ann Neurol 1990; 28:88–90. Rogers S, Andrews P, Gahring L, et al. Autoantibodies to glutamate receptor GluR3 in Rasmussen’s encephalitis.

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