By Charlotte Lauer

This booklet deals a entire empirical research of academic inequalities and their effects on person labour industry results for women and men in France and Germany, nations with various schooling structures. utilizing microdata of both nation, the analyses ordinarily depend on econometric tools. After an in depth comparability of the French and the German schooling structures, the social determinants of faculty and post-school attainment are analysed. Then, the level to which schooling reduces the unemployment chance is tested, distinguishing among danger of getting into unemployment, unemployment period and recurrence of unemployment episodes. eventually, proof is given at the effect of schooling on person gains prospects.

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Extra resources for Education and Labour Markets Outcomes: A French-German Comparison

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2 Full-time vocational tracks Germany Beside the dual system, which involves the bulk of young people, vocational training may also be provided in full-time vocational schools. Broadly speaking, there are two types of full-time vocational schools: • Berufsfachschulen (full-time vocational schools) and Fachschulen (technical colleges) These schools prepare students for entry into an occupation and provide them with initial vocational training while they continue general education. The Berufsfachschulen require only a lower or middle school leaving certificate (Hauptschul- or Realschulabschluss), while admission to the 22 2 The French and the German education systems Fachschulen requires previous completion of a relevant vocational training or evidence of work experience in the relevant field.

However, the Fachhochschulreife only opens access to lower tertiary institutions (Fachhochschulen, see below), not to universities. The fachgebundene Hochschulreife entitles to study at the Fachhochschule or at the university for specific courses of study. France In France, vocational education is essentially provided through the national education system on the basis of full-time vocational schooling in vocational Lycees (Lycees Professionals). There is a wide selection of vocational certificates, but here are the main ones: • Certificat d'Aptitude Professionnelle or CAP (vocational aptitude certificate) The CAP may be completed in 3 years after completion of the 2nd College year, or in 2 years after the 4th year of College and is primarily designed to prepare students for a specific occupation.

No information is available on the field of study of the highest degree obtained in the GSOEP. 30 2 The French and the German education systems France The variables on education are defined in a very similar way in the Emploi and in the FQP data. Compared to the GSOEP data, the information on educational achievement is much more detailed in the French data sets. First, precise information is available regarding the age at which the person asked finished his or her education, which makes it possible to determine precisely the actual number of years of education received in case this is needed.

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