By Veronica Tichenor

"Tichenor offers one other slam dunk opposed to an easy, merely materialist reason for male privilege in marriage. She indicates us that even if cash issues, girls desire an ideology of equality to attract upon to barter equity in marriage."-Barbara Risman, co-chair, Council on modern households "Tichenor's learn sheds mild at the internal workings of households and is helping us to obviously see the facility of gender ideology and to appreciate how and why women's larger gains could be a legal responsibility instead of a resource."-Beth Anne Shelton, professor of sociology, college of Texas at Arlington for almost 20 years the salary hole among women and men has remained nearly unchanged. girls proceed to earn, on commonplace, eighty cents for each greenback that males earn. but regardless of chronic discrimination in wages, stories also are starting to exhibit starting to be variety of girls are out-earning their husbands. national, approximately one-third of operating girls are the manager breadwinners of their households. the fashion is especially stated one of the demographic of hugely proficient girls. Does this elevate in gains, besides the fact that, equate to a shift in energy dynamics among husbands and other halves? In incomes extra and Getting much less, sociologist Veronica Jaris Tichenor exhibits how, traditionally, males have derived loads of energy over monetary and family judgements via bringing domestic all (or so much) of the family's source of revenue. but, monetary superiority has now not been an identical resource of strength for ladies. Tichenor demonstrates how other halves, rather than utilizing their big earning to barter extra egalitarian relationships, permit their husbands to perpetuate male dominance in the kin. Weaving own debts, in-depth interviews, and compelling narrative, this crucial examine unearths hectic facts that the traditional strength family outlined by means of gender are robust adequate to undermine hierarchies outlined via cash. incomes extra and Getting much less is vital studying in sociology, psychology, and kinfolk and gender reviews. Veronica Jaris Tichenor is an assistant professor within the division of sociology on the country college of latest York--Institute of expertise.

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Of course, having both spouses in the workforce could represent an opportunity to change the gendered expectations and meanings surrounding breadwinning by rejecting the idea of separate spheres embedded in the conventional marital contract. They could then share the responsibilities for maintaining a clean, orderly home and raising healthy children. Sharing all family work (both paid and unpaid) more equally could break down these rigid gender boundaries. We know that some couples have worked successfully to erode these boundaries (Coltrane 1996; Deutsch 1999; Risman and JohnsonSumerford 1998; Schwartz 1994).

Cultural notions of a man as “head of the household” or “king of his castle” continue to resonate, even if more subtly than in the past. All spouses 22 Earning More and Getting Le ss have to negotiate their relationships against the backdrop of these expectations, whether in congruence with or in opposition to them. That is, while spouses may choose to challenge conventional expectations or practices, others may still hold spouses accountable to conventional standards. These conventional assumptions regarding gender continue to shape the interactions of spouses and remain a central part of how men and women think about themselves as husbands and wives.

These results reinforce the logic of the conventional marital contract—if one spouse contributes more at work, she or he should contribute less at home. Since men typically earn more than do their wives and often work longer hours in pursuit of these higher incomes, their lesser contributions to housework and child care are seen as legitimate. However, other research indicates that the division of domestic labor is not driven by the relative earnings or time demands of spouses (Brayfield 1992; Brines 1994; Greenstein 2000; Gupta 1999; Hochschild 1989).

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