By Aditi Lahiri (ed.)

This quantity comprises 9 articles facing themes in virtue idea in a variety of typologically assorted languages, together with Acehnese, Afrikaans, Basque, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, jap, Korean, Navajo, Portuguese, Tahltan, Terena, Tswana, Tuvan, and Zoque. the topics handled within the e-book contain function geometry, underspecification (in rule-based and in Opti-mality Theoretic remedies) and the phonetic implementation of phonological beneficial properties. different themes comprise laryngeal positive factors (e.g. [voice], [spread glottis], [nasal]), and position good points for consonants and vowels. the amount may be of curiosity to all linguists and complex scholars of linguistics engaged on function thought and/or the phonetics-phonology interface.

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Ii. iii. iv. V. Insertion Insertion Insertion Insertion Insertion of of of of of Dorsal Labial [low] [high] Coronal and Labial To see how the set of procedures in (26) works, let us compare (i)(v) with the respective line of the distinctive feature matrices in (27). Here ' · ' indicates the presence of a privative feature. According to (26), Dorsal is assigned first (by i); thus, the back vowels / Û O U / receive this feature and the front ones do not. Ghini assumes that Labial, as a secondary feature in vowels, is only inserted onto vowels that are marked for Dorsal, namely /o u/ (by step ii).

G. /n-tatah/ [ndatah] 'my father'. Restricting our attention to this example, Clements proposes that all segments in a word like /n-tatah/ are unspecified for [voice] in the underlying representation. Since Zoque has the constraint in (34a), the Activation Criterion ensures that /p t k/ receive [-voice] in the phonological component; hence both /t/'s in /n-tatah/ are [-voice] at this representational level. At the surface phonological representation the first /t/ in /tatah/ becomes [+voice] by (34b).

One of the major differences between [spread] as described in the preceding sections and Jessen's feature [tense] is the scope of possible phonetic correlates of these features. For most researchers [spread] refers simply to aspiration in stops (which is interpreted to mean that the glottis is spread), whereas [tense] refers both to aspiration and to the durational events of the relevant consonant in its context. References Anderson, J. & C. Ewen 1987 Principles of Dependency Phonology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

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