By V. A. Parthasarathy, B. Chempakam, T. J. Zachariah
Spices are excessive price, export-oriented vegetation used generally in nutrition and beverage flavorings, drugs, cosmetics and perfumes. curiosity is turning out to be even if within the theoretical and sensible points of the biosynthetic mechanisms of energetic parts in spices in addition to the connection among the organic job and chemical constitution of those secondary metabolites. a large choice of phenolic ingredients and amides derived from spices were came across to own effective chemopreventive, anti-mutagenic, anti-oxidant and anti-carcinogenic homes. Representing the 1st dialogue of the chemical homes of a large go component to very important spices, this publication covers generally the three vast different types of plant-derived common items: the terpenoids, the alkaloids and the phenyl propanoids and allied phenolic compounds. Spice vegetation resembling black pepper, ginger, turmeric and coriander are lined with info on botany, composition, makes use of, chemistry, foreign requirements and the homes of a vast variety of universal and unusual spices.
Spices lined comprise: • Black pepper • Cardamom • Ginger • Turmeric • Cinnamon • Vanilla • Coriander • Cumin • Fennel • Fenugreek Celery • Ajowan • famous person Anise • Aniseed • Parsley • Cassia • mace Paprika • Clove • Nutmeg • Garcinia • Tamarind
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Extra info for Chemistry of spices
George et al. (1988) observed the angular rotation pattern of pepper oil. ANGULAR ROTATION OF OIL Variability in essential oil constituents Lewis et al. (1969) reported the composition of the essential oil of 17 cultivars of Kerala, India. 6% and the rest was oxygenated constituents. g. 1%. 4%. A Sri Lankan variety was also analysed by Lewis et al. 6%. Zachariah (1995) evaluated 42 accessions of black pepper (P. ) germplasm for essential oil and chemical constituents. Good variability was observed between the accessions for flavour and quality.
2 Black Pepper T. A. 1. Introduction Black pepper (Piper nigrum) belongs to the family Piperaceae. It is cultivated for its fruit, which is usually dried and used as a spice and seasoning. The same fruit is also used to produce white pepper and green pepper. Black pepper is native to South India, where it is cultivated extensively, and also to some other tropical regions. The fruit, known as peppercorn when dried, is a small drupe, 5 mm in diameter, dark red when fully mature, containing a single seed.
2006) Essential oil composition of diploid and tetraploid clones of ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe) grown in Australia. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 54(4), 1414–1419. J. (1995) Essential oil and its major constituents in selected black pepper accessions. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry New Delhi 22(2), 151–153. 2 Black Pepper T. A. 1. Introduction Black pepper (Piper nigrum) belongs to the family Piperaceae. It is cultivated for its fruit, which is usually dried and used as a spice and seasoning.