By Alexander Reichel
A guide for speedy, goal-oriented examining and implementation. Case research initiatives exemplify universal norm information utilizing large-scale drawings. the basics of making plans load-bearing buildings offer layout and making plans support.
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Forked ends and connecting plates or eye-bars • clamping and pressing • saddles The connection systems or combinations thereof can be adapted to suit the requirements of a cable structure. But owing to the size of such connections, they do have a decisive influence on the appearance. Looking at cable structures in terms of economics, it must be remembered during design and detailing that the cost of connecting the cables is, in comparison to the cables themselves, a critical cost factor. It is therefore important to maximise the length of the cable and minimise the number of joints, and also to simplify the connection principles.
The customary options for connecting cables are: • cast elements V V1 V2 21 “Cable” loadbearing system The form of the catenary curve depends on the distribution of the loading. 22 Cable stabilised by stone deck Púnt da Surasuns, 1999, Conzett (see pages 90–91) 23 Cable stabilised by a stiffening beam b prestressing (V) Designing the loadbearing structure Beam grid 24 Beam grid A beam grid consists of beams (with bending and torsional stiffness) in different directions joined together in one plane.
Sinking) supports lead to deformations in the arch and to bending as a result. If the supports cannot resist the thrust, then cancelling this out by adding a tie between the supports is an alternative. Here, too, a tie with adequate strain stiffness is essential in order to limit the deformations in the arch. The magnitude of the axial forces occurring in the arch and the horizontal thrust at the supports depends on the span and the external loads as well as the rise of the arch itself; the greater the rise, the smaller is the horizontal thrust.