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Likewise, neutrons produce energetic charged particles in a medium via nuclear interactions such as elastic scattering with the atomic nuclei, (n,p), and (n,) reactions. 38 Brachytherapy The radioisotopes that are commonly used in radiotherapy are mostly gamma emitters. These isotopes include Ra-226, Cs-137, Co-60, Ir-192, I-125, Pd-103, etc. Californium-252 is the only neutron-emitting radioisotope that has been used in radiotherapy. However, Cf-252 emits more than just neutrons. e. electrons).

The three-dimensional scintillation dosimetry method: test for a 106Ru eye plaque applicator, Phys Med Biol. Jul 7; 50(13):3063-81 Konieczny M. et al. (1997). 0, Proc. Int. Conf. on Nuclear Data for Science and Technology, Trieste, Italy, May 1997, p. ; FernaÂndez-Varea J. ; Baro Â. J. & Sempau J (1996). PENELOPE, an algorithm and computer code for Monte Carlo simulation of electron photon showers, CIEMAT Report n. 799. ; Tello J. ; Guix B. & Salvat F. (1998). Monte Carlo calculation of the dose distributions of two 106Ru eye applicators, Radiotherapy and Oncology 49, pp.

By avoiding or minimizing neutron radiation of adjacent sensitive organs, few complications were observed. 4 Late effect and leukemogenesis Clinical trials have shown only about a 5% normal tissue complications have been observed after NBT with follow-up through 15 years. Further, there has been no occurrence of late leukemias, aplastic anemias, myelomas, or lymphomas observed. Secondary tumors in the lung or bowel are consistent with historical photon brachytherapy experience and do not present as an additional risk.

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