By Charles Tanford
Benjamin Franklin was once the 1st to record the phenomenon of oil's strength to nonetheless afflicted waters and to take a position on why it occurred. A century later Lord Rayleigh played an analogous scan. Irving Langmuir did it with minor diversifications in 1917, and received a Nobel Prize for it. Then Langmuir's paintings used to be by means of a Dutch pediatrician's in 1925. p every one experimenter observed a bit extra within the consequence than his predecessor had noticeable, and the sciences of physics, chemistry and biology have all been illuminated by means of the paintings. p Charles Tanford displays at the evolving nature of technological know-how and of person scientists. Recounting concepts in every one trial, he follows the vintage test from Franklin's drawing room to our present-day institutionalized medical institutions and speculates at the resulting alterations in our method of clinical inquiry.
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His journals are vivid in content, sparkling in language. They record every event, every conversation, every promenade along the Strand, and every one of his numerous (often disastrous) sexual escapades. Shamefully embarrassing to his strict Presbyterian Scottish family, the journals were suppressed and hidden away in a castle in Ireland. They were not discovered and revealed to the world until the 1920s. Boswell was history’s most literary hedonist, Samuel Johnson’s biographer and traveling companion, and, above all, a passionate cultivator of every celebrity of the day, a source of accurate descriptions and biting comments about dress and speech and attitudes.
The petition was viewed as reasonable, in accordance with basic principles of English law, and favorable action was anticipated once the authorities in London were made aware of the problem. There was never any hint or thought of rebellion–– on the contrary, Franklin often spoke of the “impossibility” of such an event. Franklin was accompanied by his son William (age twenty-six), who earned a law degree in London, and by two servants. They moved into lodg B F ings with a widow, Margaret Stevenson, at 7 Craven Street, close to the Strand, and hired their own coach for twelve guineas a month.
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