By Pamela Hirsch
Barbara Leigh Smith Bodichon used to be the main unconventional and influential chief of the Victorian women's circulate. significantly proficient, lively and unique, she was once a feminist, law-reformer, painter, journalist, the shut good friend of George Eliot and a cousin of Florence Nightingale.
As a painter, Barbara is now regarded as an essential determine between Pre-Raphaelite girls artists. As a feminist she led 4 nice campaigns: for married women's criminal prestige, for the best to paintings, definitely the right to vote and to schooling.
Making fantastic use of unpublished journals and letters, Pam Hirsch has written a biography that's as full of life and strong as its topic, recreating the girl in all her moods, and putting her firmly within the context of women's fight for equality.
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Extra resources for Barbara Leigh Smith Bodichon: Feminist, Artist and Rebel (New Edition)
For them feminism is, therefore, largely a cultural movement, a new ideology, or a new consciousness. But the socialist countries also consider women's emancipation as a cultural or ideological affair (see chapter 6). After the abolition of private property and the socialist transformation of production relations, it is assumed that all remaining problems in the man-woman relation are 'cultural lags', ideological survivals of the past 'feudal' or 'capitalist' society which can be overcome through legal reform, education, persuasion, cultural revolutions and, above all, constant exhortation and propaganda.
Anyone who wants to reach a realistic foundation for international feminist solidarity has to try to understand how these divisions along sex, race and class lines are combined. A mere appeal to more 'sisterhood' or international solidarity will not be sufficient. As regards the divisions on the ideological and political planes, there have been attempts to categorize and label the various tendencies in the new feminist movement. Thus, some tendencies are called 'radical feminism', others 'socialist feminism' or 'Marxist feminism', others 'liberal feminism'; sometimes, depending on the political affiliation of the speaker, a tendency may also be denounced as 'bourgeois feminism'.
What is needed is a new historical and theoretical analysis of the interrelation between women's exploitation and oppression, and that of other categories of people and of nature. Women following other tendencies, labelled 'radical' or 'liberal' feminism, have tried to fit their analysis into some other theoretical framework. Thus psychoanalysis has been the theoretical point of departure for many feminists in the USA, in France and West Germany (Millet, 1970; Mitchell, 1975; Irrigaray, 1974; Janssen-Jurreit, 1976).