By A.J Christopher
The hot variation of the atlas (first released because the Atlas of Apartheid) provides a accomplished creation and targeted research of the spatial effect of apartheid in South Africa. It covers the interval of the nationwide occasion executive of 1948 to 1994, and emphasises the alterations and the continued legacy this offers to South Africans firstly of the twenty first century. The Atlas makes the original contribution of featuring the coverage and its impression in visible, spatial kinds by means of together with over 70 maps, a hugely applicable strategy since apartheid was once in regards to the keep an eye on of house and particular areas.
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Extra resources for Atlas of South African Change
Each province retained the form of franchise it had enjoyed in the late colonial period. Thus in the Orange Free State and the Transvaal universal White adult male franchise endured. G. Browett (1976) ‘The application of a spatial model to South Africa’s development regions’, South African Geographical Journal 58: 118–29 qualiﬁed franchise open to all was adopted, subject to property and income qualiﬁcations. In Natal the franchise had been restricted in such a way as to exclude the indigenous population and virtually the entire Indian population.
The later workings of this administrative system within the African rural areas will be dealt with in Chapter 3 on state partition. The administrative machinery was split between that applicable to the homelands and that responsible for the remainder of the country, under the Promotion of Bantu Self-government Act of 1959. In the former case Commissioners-General were appointed to oversee each of the African ethnic groups recognized in the new organization. A word on terminology is required at this point.
In 1847 the Cape colonial government promulgated regulations for the establishment of separate locations close to existing (White) towns where members of indigenous groups, including Afrikaans-speaking Coloured people, were required to live, if not independent property owners themselves or housed by their employers. The result was the establishment of subsidiary residential settlements throughout the eastern Cape in the second half of the nineteenth century. The process received added impetus as a result of the major bubonic plague outbreak of 1901, when the White demand for segregation was reinforced by perceived health hazards, creating the ‘sanitation syndrome’ and a new generation of even more peripheral African settlements (Swanson 1977).