By Deborah Levine
The single textual content to supply in-depth illustrations of the conventional and irregular fetal anatomy on MR imaging, this consultant contains chapters highlighting the state-of-the-science within the imaging of the fetal cranium, face, neck, apprehensive process, chest, stomach, and musculoskeletal method. Discussing functions on the vanguard of the self-discipline, this reference stories information gleaned from MR examinations of maternal and fetal wellbeing and fitness, reports universal quickly imaging options, information pitfalls regarding fetal MR imaging, and analyzes equipment for bettering photograph solution.
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Additional info for Atlas of Fetal MRI
The brain lesions of TSC are subependymal nodules and cortical tubers. Subependymal nodules can be visualized as early as 21 weeks gestational age by MR imaging (43), appearing as focal T2 hypointensities that project into the high intensity of the lateral ventricular CSF. Subcortical nodules may also be visualized as T2 hypointense contrasted against the hyperintensity of the subarachnoid CSF. The T2 hypointensity is probably related to magnetic susceptibility artifact (from calcification) or low-mobile water concentration.
Fetal central nervous system anomalies: MR imaging augments sonographic diagnosis. Radiology 1997; 204:635 – 642. Simon EM, Goldstein RB, Coakley FV et al. Fast MR imaging of fetal CNS anomalies in utero. Am J Neuroradiol 2000; 21:1688 –1698. Levine D, Barnes PD. Cortical maturation in normal and abnormal fetuses as assessed with prenatal MR imaging. Radiology 1999; 210:751 –758. Garel C, Chantrel E, Brisse H et al. Fetal cerebral cortex: normal gestational landmarks identified using prenatal MR imaging.
Sonographic biometry showed head measurements 2 weeks less than expected for gestational age and abdominal circumference 4 weeks less than expected. Coronal T2-weighted images of head (a and b) show mild ventriculomegaly. Coronal view of head and torso (c) shows the relatively small size of the body as compared to the head, consistent with severe intrauterine growth restriction. 5 Severe ventriculomegaly associated with Walker–Warburg syndrome at 33 weeks gestational age. Sagittal T2-weighted image (a) shows hypogenesis of the corpus callosum with a thin genu and anterior body (white arrowheads) and a relatively small cerebellum (c) within a large posterior fossa.