By Sheldon, Ph.D. Zedeck

Information is the sector of data interested in facts assortment, information research, and knowledge interpretation and presentation. method includes the various and sundry dependent ways that examine is performed -- answering the basic query: How does the researcher successfully assemble info for specific purposes?

Both are middle issues underlying the self-discipline of psychology and the opposite social, actual, and scientific sciences. furthermore, a simple figuring out of the language of statistics and study tools is needed for any critical scholar, scientist, and practitioner in those fields.

The APA Dictionary of information and learn Methods is a centred reference source that explores the lexicon of those profoundly interrelated components. It provides

  • Over 4,000 entries supplying transparent and authoritative definitions;
  • Balanced insurance in such center parts as examine making plans and layout, psychometrics, quantitative and qualitative measurements, and information research;
  • Hundreds of incisive cross-references that deepen the user's knowing of similar issues;
  • More than a hundred illustrations of a few of the typical and unusual information reveal tools;
  • A quickly consultant to take advantage of that explains stylistic and formal positive aspects at a look; and
  • Appendixes directory universal abbreviations and statistical symbols

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Additional info for APA Dictionary of Statistics and Research Methods

Example text

Ticular manipulations or treatments. For example, a memory researcher may basic research research conducted to measure how many words from a list obtain greater understanding of a pheparficipants remember inifially and then nomenon, explore a theory, or advance compare that figure to the number of knowledge, with no consideration of any words they remember following the use direct practical application. , the pure research. Compare APPLIED REexperimental manipulation). SEARCH. , ability level, psychological fundamental phenomena and the laws well-being) before exposure to an inter- that govern them, regardless of the povention, treatment, or other study ma- tential applications of such knowledge.

Particular profession. , participant in- spectively, with circles placed in the comes) within a data set. [Norman E. S. biostatistician; values; the radius of each circle would Nicholas E. Day (1939- ), British bio- correspond to values of age, with larger statistician and epidemiologist] circles indicating greater age (see example overleaf). Breslow test a method used in SURVIVAL ANALYSIS to compare the out- b u m p h u n t i n g an examination of the comes of different groups of individuals. distribution of values in a data set to More specifically, it evaluates the equal- identify any SPIKES or MODES; in graphic ity of two or more SURVIVAL FUNCTIONS terms, it is a search for any significant depicting mortality or failure across "bumps" on an otherwise smooth curve.

Compare WITHINdictor variable after each has been GROUPS DEGREES OF FREEDOM. 1. A beta coefficient controls for the SUBJECTS DESIGN. , salary measured in dollars and edu- lyzed: It is calculated by dividing the BEcational degree measured in years of TWEEN-GROUPS SUM OF SQUARES by the schooling). Also called beta weight; BETWEEN-GROUPS DEGREES OF FREEDOM. standardized regression coeffi- The between-groups mean square forms cient. the numerator of the F RATIO. Also called variation relative to other procedures.

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