By N. Rubin

The Oslo technique of September 1993 to January 2001 finally caused an enduring holiday in American Judaism's conventional wall-to-wall aid for any Israeli govt. Drawing on huge new assets, Rubin analyzes what this intended for the yank and Israeli Jewish communities―critical constituencies in previous and destiny negotiations.

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Israel now controlled theGaza Strip, the launching pad of Palestinian terrorist raids since the end of the 1948–49 War of Independence; the Golan Heights, the base of Syrian shelling on Israeli northern settlements and the home of important regional water sources; the West Bank (including East Jerusalem and its Old City), the physical cradle of the Jewish biblical narrative; and Egypt’s expansive Sinai peninsula, offering a broad land cushion between Israel and Egypt. 2. Demography. Israel now controlled one million Palestinians in the newly acquired territories (in addition to the roughly 20 percent of its citizens who were Israeli Arabs).

Israeli Jews were basically divided into two camps. 4 This clash of visions has reflected an increasingly sharpening Israeli political debate ever since and was featured prominently in the 1995 Rabin assassination. 4. Diplomacy. The United States supplanted France as Israel’s top military and diplomatic patron. The relationship—spurred in part by the Cold War (Israel was a staunch US ally and most Arab states were Soviet patrons, Jordan being a notable exception)—grew so close so quickly that only six years later, one week into the 1973 October/Yom Kippur War, US president Richard M.

However, Mercaz had a low profile and the movement traditionally worked to strengthen its congregations, Ramah camps, and main university—the Jewish Theological Seminary of America—more than anything else. A Holocaust Agenda Achieved Beyond the pro-Israel agenda, until the advent of the Oslo years, American Jewry had focused on the campaign to free Soviet Jews. That was part of an overall strategy in which American Jews would simply speak out on anything they felt threatened their agenda. There is no doubt that one strong reason behind such activism was the permanently lingering shadow of helplessness felt by American Jews during the Second World War regarding their perceived failure to rescue European Jewry from the Nazis.

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