By Robin Gendron, Mats Ingulstad, Espen Storli
Because the key part in aluminum construction, bauxite has turn into some of the most vital minerals of the final 100 years. to a couple it introduced financial and political virtue, yet for plenty of others, its improvement left a legacy of exploitation. Aluminum Ore explores the heritage of bauxite within the 20th century and the worldwide forces that this historical past represents, from its strategic improvement within the First global warfare to its position within the globalization of markets as businesses from the northern hemisphere vied for the assets of the south. that includes essays by means of students from world wide, this wide-ranging assortment is a background of 1 crucial mineral and a brand new point of view on a time of change.
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Because the key part in aluminum construction, bauxite has turn into the most vital minerals of the final 100 years. to a few it introduced fiscal and political virtue, yet for lots of others, its improvement left a legacy of exploitation. Aluminum Ore explores the background of bauxite within the 20th century and the worldwide forces that this background represents, from its strategic improvement within the First global warfare to its position within the globalization of markets as businesses from the northern hemisphere vied for the assets of the south.
Extra resources for Aluminum Ore: The Political Economy of the Global Bauxite Industry
When somebody finally did take an interest in the bauxite of the colony, the ubiquitous Frank Harvey again played a part. 35 Harvey had told him that he was planning to go to French Guiana; Gibbons’s response was to beg Neilson to send someone quickly to the colony to secure the bauxite. It was obviously not tempting to have to confront Harvey a third time. 37 Alcoa did not limit its explorations to the Guianas only. The American consul in Pará in Brazil alerted the company to bauxite properties controlled by G.
Bradford Barham, Stephen Bunker, and Denis O’Hearn (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1994), 162. 2 Obika Gray, Demeaned but Empowered: The Social Power of the Urban Poor in Jamaica (Kingston: University of the West Indies Press, 2004), 260-61; Robert Alexander with Eldon Parker, A History of Organized Labor in the English-Speaking West Indies (Westport, CT: Praeger, 2004), 404. 3 Unless indicated otherwise, all ton figures cited in the volume are metric tons. 4 Christopher J. Schmitz, World Non-Ferrous Metal Production and Prices, 1700-1976 (London: Frank Cass, 1979), 48-49; US Geological Survey, Mineral Commodities Summaries: Bauxite and Alumina, January 2011 (Washington, DC: US Geological Survey, 2011); US Geological Survey, Mineral Commodities Summaries: Aluminum, January 2011 (Washington, DC: US Geological Survey, 2011).
32 Ministere des Colonies, Plan Decennal pour le Developpement Economique et Social du Congo Belge, vol. 1 (Brussels: Les Editions de Visscher, 1949), 37-38. John Orchard, “ECA and the Dependent Territories,” Geographical Review 41, 1 (1951): 66-87; Allister Hinds, Britain’s Sterling Colonial Policy and Decolonization, 1939-1958 (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2001). 33 Christopher Bayly and Tim Harper, Forgotten Wars: Freedom and Revolution in Southeast Asia (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2007).