By Simon Hailwood
Many environmental scientists, students and activists characterise our state of affairs as considered one of alienation from nature, yet this suggestion can simply look meaningless or irrational. during this e-book, Simon Hailwood significantly analyses the belief of alienation from nature and argues that it may be an invaluable concept while understood pluralistically. He distinguishes various senses of alienation from nature relating assorted environmental contexts and issues, and attracts upon a number of philosophical and environmental principles and issues together with pragmatism, eco-phenomenology, weather switch, ecological justice, Marxism and significant thought. His novel point of view exhibits that diversified environmental matters - either anthropocentric either anthropocentric and nonanthropocentric - can dovetail, instead of compete with, one another, and that our alienation from nature needn't be whatever to be regretted or triumph over. His ebook will curiosity a huge readership in environmental philosophy and ethics, political philosophy, geography and environmental reviews.
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Buytendijk, especially as interpreted by Marjorie Grene. Estrangement is not always to be overcome: Bìro and Evernden 29 fades with maturity. The main point here is that ‘youthful’ organisms are not (yet) locked into a specific environmental situation. And, given that we are neotenic organisms, it is not at all surprising that the qualities which describe youthfulness in other species also apply to a creature which owes its very form to a slowed or arrested development. We are just what a perpetually youthful being should be: indeterminate, always in motion, ambivalent, obsessed with the “how” of the world and uncommitted to an environmental context.
Such criticisms of the intellectual tools bequeathed to us for dealing with the world as environment don’t invent themselves out of thin air, of course. They must draw upon and adapt already available ideas in the very acts of diagnosing erroneous tendencies and suggesting improvements. So, for example, a deep ecologist may draw upon certain kinds of metaphysical holism or phenomenological considerations to articulate alternatives to, as well as diagnose and reject, what she takes to be the pernicious grip of atomistic patterns of thought.
In particular it is necessary to avoid a purely ‘anthropocentric instrumental’ view of nature or the natural world as ‘just our world’, there merely to serve our interests. This is an important point that goes to the kind of environmental philosophy involved in the argument of this book. 4 Critical environmental philosophy and applied philosophy It seems to me reasonable to expect an affinity between a critical environmental philosophy, activated by a sense of crisis, and a view of theories, concepts and intellectual products generally as more or less useful tools for coping with the world.