By Hayden B Bosworth, Professor of Psychology Christopher Hertzog
Getting older and Cognition takes an interdisciplinary examine cognitive getting older - the way it occurs and the way to check it. the 1st a part of the ebook explores equipment for measuring cognitive swap, together with how one can research cohort results. the second one half explores the social and mental components linked to cognitive getting older. And, eventually, a quick concluding part explores how you can use learn findings to enhance the standard functioning of adults - a not easy job simply because daily functioning is determined by advanced cognitive initiatives, whereas so much cognitive examine measures in simple terms uncomplicated cognitive projects. This e-book is acceptable for cognitive psychologists; experimental psychologists; developmental psychologists; geropsychologists; neuropsychologists; and graduate scholars in cognitive and developmental psychology classes and their professors.
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Extra info for Aging and Cognition: Research Methodologies and Empirical Advances
1998). Trends in black-white test-score differentials II. The WORDSUM vocabulary test. In U. ), The rising curve: Long-term gains in IQ and related measures (pp. 303-332). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. Hertzog, C. (2008). Theoretical approaches to the study of cognitive aging. In S. M. Hofer & D. F. ), Handbook of cognitive aging: Interdisciplinary perspectives (pp. 34—49). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Hertzog, C, & Schaie, K. W. (1986). Stability and change in adult intelligence: I.
They also showed that levels of stability increase with age. 93 for their concept of ideational flexibility assessed over a 10-year period. 9 (Alwin, 2008). I conclude from this discussion that individual differences in cognitive abilities is one of the most stable components of human behavior that has been studied, although results differ at various points i n the life cycle. I t needs to be emphasized at this point that the stability of individual differences in cognitive abilities has little, if anything, to do with the pattern of stability in average or typical trajectories over the life span.
Baltes & Schaie, 1976; Horn & Donaldson, 1977,1980). Baltes and Schaie (1976) argued that much of early theorizing about systematic declines in cognitive abilities from midlife onward were in error and that many cognitive functions remained intact into very old age, challenging what they called the myth of intellectual decline. Horn and Donaldson (1977, 1980) argued that this was i n part an issue of what is being measured. Recalling the Cattellian duality—the distinction between fluid and crystallized abilities (Cattell, 1971)—and the differing relationship of these two concepts to age, they argued that many fluid intelligence abilities experience declines from early adulthood through old age.