By Marilyn D. Rhinehart

The coal mine represented even more than a fashion of constructing a residing to the miners of Thurber, Texas, within the past due 19th and early 20th centuries-it represented a life-style. Coal mining ruled Thurber's paintings lifestyles, and miners ruled its social existence. the big immigrant inhabitants that crammed the mines in Thurber represented greater than a dozen countries, which lent a area of expertise to this Texas city. In 1888 Robert D. Hunter and the Texas & Pacific Coal corporation based Thurber at the web site of Johnson Mines, a small coal-mining village at the western fringe of North crucial Texas the place Palo Pinto, Erath, and Eastland counties converged. for nearly 40 years the corporate mined coal and owned and operated a city that via 1910 served as domestic to greater than 3 thousand citizens. Marilyn Rhinehart examines the tradition of the miners' paintings, the demographics and social lifetime of the neighborhood, and the advantages and constraints of existence in an organization city.

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The coal mine represented even more than a fashion of constructing a dwelling to the miners of Thurber, Texas, within the overdue 19th and early 20th centuries-it represented a life-style. Coal mining ruled Thurber's paintings lifestyles, and miners ruled its social existence. the big immigrant inhabitants that crammed the mines in Thurber represented greater than a dozen countries, which lent a forte to this Texas city.

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Additional info for A Way of Work and a Way of Life: Coal Mining in Thurber, Texas, 1888-1926 (Texas A&M Southwestern Studies)

Sample text

Miners attached a great deal of importance to the rooms that the mine boss assigned them and rarely transferred out of a chamber once work began there. This place became almost a personal possession and served as a type of underground residence for as long as several months at a time. In these rooms, miners and their buddies labored with little supervision. A ratio of one hundred miners to one foreman kept supervisory visits to their rooms in one day brief, few, and far between. "Almost of necessity," Carter Goodrich wrote, "the working arrangements place[d] a quite old-fashioned reliance .

50942. I further appreciate their granting permission for me to use portions of the article throughout the first four chapters but most particularly in chapter 4, where I discuss labor difficulties in Thurber. Direct quotes are used throughout this book. In an attempt to preserve their authenticity, I retained misspellings and variations of names as they appear in the original sources. To my fellow historians and friends at North Harris College I must say a special thank you for their encouragement and interest.

Coal miners Texas Thurber History.  Series.  Dubberly and the late Rebekah Lane Dubberly, who taught me that honest work is honorable work. Page vii Contents List of Illustrations page ix List of Tables xi Acknowledgments xiii Introduction xv I. Laying the Foundation 3 II. The Subterranean Community 18 III. A Way of Life: Benevolent Despotism versus Worker Control 40 IV. The Struggle for the Individual and the Union, 18881903 71 V. Boom to Bust in Unionized Thurber 92 Conclusion 113 Notes 120 Bibliography 145 Index 160 Page ix Illustrations Gomer Gower, circa 190811 page 9 Miner in room at mine #8, 1906 36 Thurber miners 36 In the pit 37 Hoisting engineer 37 Mine #1 38 Unloading at the tipple 38 Group of miners at mine #9 39 "Black Diamond" train at mine #12 39 Looking into town 67 Italian family with boarders, 1907 67 General store 68 Horseshoe bar in Snake Saloon 68 UMWA Band 69 Thurber baseball team 69 Fourth of July celebration, early 1900s 70 Coal mine #11 70 Page xi Tables 1.

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