By Tinsley E. Yarbrough

An eighth-generation Charlestonian with a prestigious handle, impeccable social credentials, and years of intimate organization with segregationist politicians, U.S. District court docket pass judgement on Julius Waties Waring surprised relations, pals, and a whole nation in 1945 while, at age sixty-five, he divorced his spouse of greater than thirty years and embarked upon a far-reaching problem to the main primary racial values of his local quarter. the 1st jurist nowa days to claim segregated education "inequality in keeping with se," Waring additionally ordered the equalization of lecturers' salaries and outlawed South Carolina's white fundamental. Off the bench, he and his moment wife--a twice-divorced, politically liberal Northerner who used to be much more outspoken in her political beliefs than Waring himself--castigated Dixiecrats and southern liberals alike for his or her protection of segregation, condemned the "sickness" of white southern society, prompt a whole breakdown of state-enforced bars to racial intermingling, and entertained blacks of their domestic, changing into pariahs in South Carolina and arguable figures nationally. Tinsley Yarbrough examines the lifestyles and profession of this interesting yet ignored jurist, assessing the debate he generated, his position within the early background of the trendy civil rights circulate, and the forces motivating his repudiation of his previous.

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Extra resources for A Passion for Justice: J. Waties Waring and Civil Rights

Sample text

Smith took that advice, but only briefly. As he was explaining the refinements of national policy to one backwoods gathering, a one-gallused farmer stood up in the audience and got quickly to the point. S. attorney with whom Waring had previously served, was Smith's campaign manager for years, and Waring initially developed ties to "Cotton Ed" through Weston. Gradually, their association grew into a close and enduring relationship. Waring played an active role in Smith's campaigns, serving as his Charleston campaign manager and intimate political adviser.

5 On at least one occasion, Judge Waring's efficient administrative style attracted more than passing attention from the press. During one stint as visiting judge at the federal courthouse in Newark, New Jersey, he conducted fifteen trials over a twenty-nine-day period. He also instructed court personnel on the finer points of punctuality. S. attorney to discuss the upcoming docket of criminal cases. ' " "Now listen," Waring quickly retorted, "I'll open at one and adjourn at two if you want. It doesn't make any difference to me when it is, but if you fix one o'clock, it's going to open at one.

Attorney. In early 1934, Ernest F. Cochran, the presiding judge for the eastern district, committed suicide. Waring became a leading contender for the position, and his supporters bombarded the Justice Department with letters. Senator Smith offered his endorsement. A number of Charlestonians surveyed by the Justice Department in its investigation of his credentials focused on his "cold, aloof" personality. One indicated, for example, that Waring "might not forget an enemy, although he ... ' " But each person interviewed praised his intellect, integrity, efficiency, and reputation; several suggested that his "impersonal disposition" was "a desirable quality for a Judge"; and his nomination seemed likely.

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